eus-

eus-
    eus-
    English meaning: to burn
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “brennen”
    Material: O.Ind. óṣati “burns”, participle uṣṭá- (= Lat. ustus), uṣṇá- “hot, warm” (ōṣ á m “fast, rapid, hurried, immediately, right away” perhaps “*stormy, hot tempered, burning “?); Gk. εὕω (*εὔhω, *eusō) ‘singe”, Aor. εὗσαι, εὔστρᾱ “pit, pothole, the place for singeing slaughtered swine “; Alb. ethe f. “fever”; Lat. ūrō, -ere, ustus (thereafter ussī) “ to burn; to dry up, parch; chafe, gall; to disturb, harass (trans.)”, ambūrō - ἀμφεύω “to burn round, scorch; of cold, to nip, numb; in gen., to injure”; O.N. usli m. “glowing ash”, O.E. ysle f. ds., M.H.G. ũsel(e) f. ds.; O.N. ysja f. “fire”, usti ‘scorchs, deflagrates, incinerates “, with gramm. variation eim-yrja, O.E. ǣm-yrie (Eng. embers), M.H.G. eimer(e) f., Ger. dial. ammer “glowing ash”; Nor. dial. orna “ become warm “ (*uznēn); perhaps as “ burning, stormy, hot tempered = keen, eager” here O.H.G. ustar “ greedy, gluttonous”, ustrī “industria”, ustinōn “fungi”; Lith. usnìs “ scratch thistle “ (a kind of thistle) or “ alder buckthorn “. In the one *eus- under **eu̯es- to be combined with *u̯es- “burn” one attributes to Lat. (Osc.) Vesuvius, the but also as “the bright, the radiant, the glowing “ can be placed to *(a)u̯es- “gleam, shine” (above S. 87).
    References: WP. I 111 f.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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